Presbifonia

Presbifonia

PRESBIFONIA

Presbifonia é o termo usado habitualmente para se referir ao processo de envelhecimento vocal; voz presbifônica é a voz considerada como típica do idoso.

O avanço da idade produz mudanças fisiológicas que podem alterar a voz. Estas mudanças ocorrem em todo o trato vocal desde o nascimento. Quanto aos aspectos gerais encontramos muitas das vezes vozes trêmulas, roucas, fracas, soprosas e pich alterado.

O indivíduo idoso está mais exposto a desenvolver doenças de diversas naturezas, e muitas delas podem refletir nas condições de produção vocal.

As características mais comuns nos tratos vocais dos idosos são o arqueamento e a atrofia das pregas vocais, além de presença de sulco e degeneração de gordura.

Com o aumento da idade, há uma diminuição na quantidade e qualidade da viscosidade da secreção, o que afeta a lubrificação das pregas vocais e também contribui para o envelhecimento da voz.

Quanto a frequência fundamental estudos apontam modificação onde a voz masculina fica mais aguda e a voz femininas mais graves.

Várias técnicas são utilizadas no tratamento do idoso relacionado a sua voz. Os exercícios físicos são indicados pois, mantém a função muscular e coordenação, além de ajudar o sistema vascular, nervoso e respiratório. Deve se observar a alimentação buscando uma nutrição adequada e controle do peso. Atividades sociais são importantes principalmente as que propiciam a oportunidade de uso vocal saudável atuando como exercício vocal de função muscular, além de desenvolver potencialidades comunicativas. No caso das mulheres a reposição hormonal é de suma importância pois pode ser uma forma de evitar os efeitos indesejados de piora de qualidade vocal e alterações relevantes na frequência fundamental, se planejada sob acompanhamento médico levando em conta todas as demais condições de saúde, considerando riscos e benefícios. Orientações sobre o próprio envelhecimento, saúde vocal, técnicas vocais através de exercícios, vídeos e projeções são utilizadas.

 

 

 

Wilson Fanini Lima Neves

Iniciou seus estudos musicais com a professora Sueli carvalho de Sousa. Fez o curso Técnico em Música pelo (STBSB) Faculdade Batista do Rio de Janeiro, Técnico em Canto Lírico pela Escola de Música Villa Lobos, Bacharelado em Música Sacra com especialização em Canto pela Faculdade Batista do Rio de Janeiro e atualmente é Bacharelando em Fonoaudiologia pela Universidade Veiga de Almeida.

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